AQA A-Level Psychology Revision

(Unit code: 7182)

This section provides revision resources for the new AQA A-level psychology specification. The new A-level psychology course began to be taught from September 2015. The specification unit code is 7182. You can find the AQA A-level specification here which is what this content follows.

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Chapter 1 : Social Influence

  • Types of conformity
  • Explanations of conformity
  • Variables affecting conformity
  • Conformity to social roles
  • Situational variables affecting obedience
  • Agentic state and legitimacy of authority
  • The Authoritarian Personality
  • Resistance to social influence
  • Minority Influence
  • Social influence processes in social change

Chapter 2 : Memory

  • The multi-store model of memory (Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968)
  • The working memory model (Baddeley and Hitch 1974)
  • Types of long-term memory
  • Explanations for forgetting: Interference
  • Explanations for forgetting: Retrieval failure
  • Accuracy of eyewitness testimony: Misleading information
  • Accuracy of eyewitness testimony: Anxiety
  • Improving the accuracy of eyewitness testimony: The cognitive interview

Chapter 3 : Attachment

  • Caregiver-infanct interactions
  • The development of attachment
  • Animal studies of attachment
  • Explanations of attachment: Learning theory
  • Explanations of attachment: Bowlby’s theory
  • Ainsworth’s Strange Situation: Types of attachment
  • Cultural variations in attachment
  • Bowlby’s theory of maternal deprivation
  • Romanian orphan studies: Effects of institutionalisation
  • The influence of early attachment

Chapter 4 : Psychopathology

  • Definitions of abnormality
  • Mental disorders
  • The behavioural approach to explaining phobias
  • The behavioural approach to treating phobias
  • The cognitive approach to exlpaining depression
  • The cognitive approach to treating depression
  • The biological approach to explaining OCD
  • The biological approach to treating OCD

Chapter 5 : Approaches In Psychology

  • The origins of psychology
  • The behaviourist approach
  • Social learning theory
  • The cognitive approach
  • The biological approach
  • The psychodynamic approach
  • Humanistic psychology
  • Comparison of approaches

Chapter 6 : Biopsychology

  • The nervous system
  • Neurons and synaptic transmission
  • The endocrine system
  • The fight-or-flight response
  • Localisation of function
  • Lateralisation of split-brain research
  • Plasticity and functional recovery of the brain
  • Ways of studying the brain
  • Circadian rhythms
  • Ultradian and infradian rhythms
  • Endogenous pacemakers and exogenous zeitgebers

Chapter 7 : Research Methods

  • The experimental method
  • Control of variables
  • Return to hypotheses and other things
  • Experimental design
  • Laboratory and field experiments
  • Natural and quasi-experiments
  • More problems with experiments
  • Sampling
  • Ethical issues
  • Dealing with ethical issues
  • Observational techniques
  • Observational design
  • Self-report techniques
  • Self-report design
  • Correlations
  • Other research methods
  • Mathematical skills
  • Measures of central tendency and dispersion
  • Display of quantitive data and data distributions
  • Types of data
  • Introduction to statistical testing
  • The scientific process and peer review
  • Psychology and the economy
  • Content analysis
  • Case studies
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Features of science
  • Probability
  • Statistical tests
  • Non-parametric tests of difference
  • Tests of correlation
  • Chi-Squared test
  • Reporting investigtions

Chapter 8 : Issues and Debates In Psychology

  • Gender in psychology: Gender bias
  • Culture in psychology: Cultural bias
  • Free will and determinism
  • The nature-nurture debate
  • Holism and reductionism
  • Idiographic and nomothetic approaches to psychological investigation
  • Ethical implications of research studies and theory

Chapter 9.1 : Relationships

  • Evolutionary explanations for partner preferences
  • Physical attractiveness
  • Self-disclosure
  • Attraction: Filter theory
  • Social exchange theory
  • Equity theory
  • The investment model of relationships
  • Relationship breakdown
  • Virtual relationships in social media
  • Parasocial relationships

Chapter 9.2 : Gender

  • Sex-role stereotypes and androgyny
  • The role of chromosomes and hormones in sex and gender
  • Cognitive explanations of gender development: Kohlberg
  • Cognitive explanations of gender development: Gender schema theory
  • Psychodynamic explanation of gender development
  • Social learning theory as applied to gender development
  • Cultural and media influences on gender roles
  • Atypical gender development

Chapter 9.3 : Cognition and Development

  • Piaget’s theory of cognitive development
  • Piaget’s stages of intellecutal development
  • Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development
  • Baillargeon’s explanation of early infant abilities
  • The development of social cognition: Selman’s theory
  • The development of social cognition: Theory of mind
  • The development of social cognition: The mirror neuron system

Chapter 9.4 : Schizophrenia

  • Classification of schizophrenia
  • Reliability and validity in diagnosis and classification
  • Biological explanations for schizophrenia
  • Psychological explanations for schizophrenia
  • Drug therapy
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Family therapy
  • Token economy and the management of schizophrenia
  • An interactionist approach

Chapter 9.5 : Eating Behaviour

  • The evolutionary explanation for food preferences
  • The role of learning in food preference
  • Neural and hormonal mechanisms
  • Biological explanations for anorexia nervosa
  • Family systems theory and anorexia nervosa
  • Social learning theory and anorexia nervosa
  • Cognitive theory and anorexia nervosa
  • Biological explanations for obesity
  • Psychological explanations for obesity
  • Explanations for the success and failure of dieting

Chapter 9.6 : Stress

  • The physiology of stress
  • The role of stress in illness
  • Sources of stress: Life changes
  • Sources of stress: Daily hassles
  • Sources of stress: Workplace stress
  • Measuring stress: Self-report scales and physiological measures
  • Individual differences in stress: Personality
  • Individual differences in stress: Hardiness
  • Managing and coping with stress: Drug therapies
  • Managing and coping with stress: Stress incoculation therapy
  • Managing and coping with stress: Biofeedback
  • Gender differences in coping with stress
  • The role of social support in coping with stress

Chapter 9.7 : Aggression

  • Neural and hormonal influences
  • Genetic factors in aggression
  • The ethological explanation of aggression
  • Evolutionary explanations of human aggression
  • The frustration-aggression hypothesis
  • Social learning theory and aggression
  • De-individuation
  • Institutional aggression in prisons
  • Media influences on aggression
  • Explanations of media influences

Chapter 9.8 : Forensic Psychology

  • Defining and measuring crime
  • Offender profiling: The top-down approach
  • Offender profiling: The bottom-up approach
  • Biological explanations of offending behaviour: A historical approach
  • Biological explanations of offending behaviour: Genetic and neural
  • Psychological explanations of offending behaviour: Eysenck’s theory
  • Psychological explanations of offending behaviour: Cognitive
  • Psychological explanations of offending behaviour: Differential association
  • Psychological explanations of offending behaviour: Psychodynamic
  • Dealing with offending behaviour: Custodial sentencing
  • Dealing with offending behaviour: Behaviour modification in custody
  • Dealing with offending behaviour: Anger management
  • Dealing with offending behaviour: Restorative justice programmes

Chapter 9.9 : Addiction

  • Describing addiction
  • Risk factors: Genetics, stress and personality
  • Risk factors: Family influences and peers
  • Explanation for nicotine addiction: Brain neurochemistry
  • Explanation for nicotine addiction: Learning theory
  • Explanation for gambling addiction: Learning theory
  • Explanation for gambling addiction: Cognitive theory
  • Reducing addiction: Drug therapy
  • Reducing addiction: Behavioural interventions
  • Reducing addiction: Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • The theory of planned behaviour
  • Prochaska’s six-stage model of behaviour change

Course Guidance

Information regarding A-level psychology

A-level Subjects

Revision notes for A-level subjects including the latest specification changes.

GCSE 9-1 Subjects

Revision notes for GCSE 9-1 subjects covering the new GCSE changes that have come into effect.

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